Mobile App Deveploment

Top Programming Languages for Building Android Apps in 2024

The global Android app market is growing relatively faster. The market size is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 11.4% from 2024 to 2030, resulting in an estimated $154.15 […]

The global Android app market is growing relatively faster. The market size is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 11.4% from 2024 to 2030, resulting in an estimated $154.15 billion by the year ending 2030. This is why most businesses are spending on the best Android app development services provider to boost their brands and scope. However, many people are mistaken that Android developers use one programming language only—this is not true.

The developer’s choice of several major programming languages for Android app development depends on the needs. Knowing different types of programming languages and their potential contribution to your enterprise is paramount. Here is a list of the best programming languages for developing Android Apps in 2024.

Best Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2024

Best Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2024

1) Kotlin


Kotlin is a new language announced as an official Android development language in 2017. It is intended to be more concise and expressive than Java, with several features that make writing safe and performant code easier. Consider a programming language similar to Java’s young cool sibling- Kotlin. It’s a modern, multi-skilled language that’s shaking the technology world.

In the hands of programmers, Kotlin becomes something like a Swiss army knife. All stages of development can be performed by it, including Android app building, server-side application creation, or even data science involvement. Therefore, coding adventures become easy as pie along with this one-stop center.

Key Features Of Kotlin

  • By using Kotlin, developers can have shorter codes, in this way codebases are less complicated and the code is easier to understand. The advantage comes from getting rid of boilerplate codes.
  • It is however important to note that it has a good relation with Java meaning that developers can use already built Java libraries and frameworks; this is for teams that know java.
  • Kotlin’s type system is much better than Java since it distinguishes between nullable and nonnullable types. So it greatly reduces NPEs (Null Pointer Exceptions), thereby helping us to write reliable code while enabling programmers to avoid common mistakes.

2) Java


Developers were using Java even before mobile apps came onto the market. Over 25 years, it has always been among the most preferred programming languages for developers developing applications for enterprise and service side software and mobile app development.

Android app development was one of the first applications of Java programming language. Kotlin is gaining ground, but many programmers still stick to Java due to its numerous valuable features and advantages.

Key Features Of Java

  • The greatest number of Android apps has been developed using Java, which has given rise to a vast and highly advanced ecosystem of libraries, frameworks, and tools.
  • Java’s “Write Once, Run Anywhere” philosophy means that code can be designed to work on various platforms with few modifications and is versatile.
  • Due to the large and active Java developer community, many tools, tutorials, and solutions are available.

3) Python


Python, a flexible and general-purpose programming language, is recognized for its unambiguousness and readability. Python is not the core language used to develop native Android applications; however, platforms such as Kivy or BeeWare make it possible to generate Android apps. For example, these frameworks enable developers to write Python code that can be compiled into Android applications, exposing the device’s native functionality and user interface components.

Key Features Of Python

  • Its clarity and ease of use have made Python popular among beginners as well as experienced programmers. In this, it is useful in speeding up development because it has a simple structure.
  • Website development and data analysis are some areas where Python is applicable. This also applies to Kivy and BeeWare for Android application development.
  • This means developers can write one code that will work on different platforms such as iOS, Android etc., thus reducing the time and energy required for software development.

4) Javascript


Cross-platform development has numerous benefits, including letting developers use different programming languages for Android development. JavaScript isn’t the prime language for native Android app creation, but it can be applied with the help of a cross-platform development framework. With JavaScript, hybrid and cross-platform mobile apps can be built using frameworks such as React Native, Ionic, and Flutter.

Key Features Of Javascript

  • Web development commonly employs JavaScript, a versatile language with numerous other applications, such as Android app development using popular frameworks like React Native.
  • One of JavaScript’s greatest benefits is its massive and active developer community, which allows you to access a wide range of libraries, tools, and resources that make app development easier.
  • Combining frameworks like React Native with JavaScript makes it possible for cross-platform development where developers can write code once and have it deployed both on the Android platform and iOS, thereby saving time and money.

5) Dart


Google’s Dart programming language is a great choice for developing Android applications. It has distinct features that meet the requirements of developing mobile apps. Dart is an excellent and flexible programming language for Android app development, especially for cross-platform development and creating native-looking UIs that run quickly.

Key Features Of Dart

  • A dynamically typed, versatile, and powerful programming language with rapid development (JUST IN TIME) and optimized performance (AHEAD OF TIME ) in Flutter makes it suitable for software creation and production.
  • Hot Reload is a unique feature of Dart and Flutter that allows developers to change an application’s code and observe the impacts or improvements in real-time, leading to quicker debugging and development.
  • It’s a strongly typed language that allows strong typing and optional typing; hence, it is more flexible and faster while developing


The software development for mobile applications will depend heavily on the project’s peculiarities, the platforms on which they will be built, and team proficiency. For iOS devices, Swift will continue to reign supreme over other programming languages, followed by Kotlin for Android platforms. JavaScript, with its frameworks, is still a choice one can rely on for cross-platform development. Dart (Android) and Flutter (iOS) are taking an ever-increasing share of the visually attractive apps market.

Python (for iOS), Ruby (for Ruby), Go (for iOS), and Rust (for Android) will have alternative employment paths based on their unique strengths. Keeping up with these new trends and choosing the right language for your project is important to succeed in the fast-paced world of mobile app development.

Frequently Asked Questions

# What makes Kotlin more popular for Android development than Java?

Kotlin provides a syntax that takes less space and is easier to read and understand than Java, but it can still run code previously written in Java.

# Is there any other language that could be used to develop Android applications?

Yes, Java is currently the most common programming language used in developing Android applications because of its large library and many developers. But Kotlin is gradually becoming the language of choice because it has more perks.

# Can you use other languages besides Java and Kotlin to develop Android apps?

Alternative languages like C++ can also be used in performance-critical areas when developing an Android app. Still, most Android apps are built with Kotlin and Java, so they have become the most preferred.

# Do cross-platform frameworks such as Flutter or React Native have any benefits in the development of Android apps?

Yes, these tools allow software developers to make apps for both Android and iOS platforms with a single written code that saves time and energy.


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Written by

Shiv Technolabs

As the managing director of the Shiv Technolabs PVT LTD, Mr. Kishan Mehta has led the company with a strong background in technology and a deep understanding of market trends. He has been instrumental in thriving the success and becoming a global leader in the app development space.