Web Development

A Detailed Guide To Install PHP 8 Ubuntu in 2024

“Unlock the power of PHP 8 on Ubuntu in 2024 with our comprehensive installation guide. Follow step-by-step instructions to seamlessly install PHP 8, harness the latest features, and elevate your web development experience. Stay ahead in the dynamic world of technology with our up-to-date tutorial for optimizing your Ubuntu environment for PHP 8 proficiency.

PHP is an open-source, general-purpose programming language primarily used in web development. On the 26th of November 2020, PHP 8 was officially released for consumer use. It has many optimizations and amazing features like named arguments, attributes, match expressions, union types, JIT, error-handling type system and improvements in consistency.

This post will talk about how to install PHP 8 Ubuntu. However, before that, we will explain why we should upgrade to PHP 8 on Ubuntu.

So, let’s start!

Why Upgrade to PHP 8 on Ubuntu?

Why Upgrade to PHP 8 on Ubuntu

There are numerous reasons of migrating your Ubuntu system to PHP 8, such as:

  • Better Performance: This new PHP version performs much better than previous versions. As a result, web applications will load faster, leading to improved user experience. In addition, the introduction of Just-in-Time (JIT) compilation improves execution speed hence giving smoother and more efficient functioning of your applications.
  • Enhanced Security: In today’s digital world, security is everything. Therefore, PHP 8 focuses on security with strong measures like the deprecation and removal of features that could be vulnerable. It also introduces stricter type checking and error handling, which makes it less likely for security breaches to occur.
  • Modern Characteristics and Structure: PHP 8 introduces many interesting new features and syntax improvements. The union type enhances the readability and maintainability of code, although named arguments facilitate clarity and flexibility. The null safe operator introduced in this version simplifies checking for null values to avoid possible errors and strengthens the codes.
  • Community Assistance & Long-Term Stability: By upgrading to the latest edition you get exposure to ongoing community-based support and development programs. However, PHP 8 offers an extended official support period with regular security patches and bug fixing for longer, leading to the stability and durability of your applications.

Also Read:- How is Php Development Advantageous Than The Rest?

Minimum System Requirements to Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04

Minimum System Requirements to Install PHP 8
Minimum requirements to install php 8.0 on Ubuntu include:

  • An Operating System: Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (or any other Ubuntu-based distribution)
  • A CPU: A CPU that goes faster or is equal to 1 GHz
  • Memory: The memory should not be less than 2GB;
  • Space on disk: PHP installation requires at least 50 MB of free disk space.
  • Additional Packages: Some additional packages are build-essential, libxml2, and libxml2-dev.

These are the minimum requirements, as there may be different actual system requirements depending on your specific use case and how big you made your PHP projects.

Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04

Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04

1) Update System

It is necessary to start by updating your system before installing PHP 8 on your Ubuntu system so that you have the latest package versions installed.

To update your system, open the terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T or searching for “Terminal” in the applications menu.

When the terminal opens, run this command:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This command will help you update package information on your system and upgrade any installed packages to their latest versions. You may be asked for an administrative password before updating begins.

This may take a few minutes, depending on the number of packages that need to be upgraded. The progress of the update will appear in the terminal.

You will then have an updated Ubuntu system to which PHP 8 can now be installed.

It is always advisable to keep your system up-to-date for better performance, security, and compatibility with the latest software. With regular updates to your Ubuntu system, you get bug fixes, performance improvements, and new features rolled out by developers.

Also Read:- 5 Programming Languages For Creating E-Commerce Websites

Since your system has been updated, we can now add the PPA repository.

2) Add PPA Repository

To install PHP 8 on Ubuntu, you must first add the Personal Package Archive (PPA) repository. The PPA repository contains updated packages not found in the default Ubuntu repositories.

The following steps should be followed to add a PPA repository:

  • Open up your Ubuntu terminal by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T or searching for ‘Terminal’ from the Applications Menu.

To add the ppa repository, use this command in your terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

When prompted, type your administrative password to confirm this operation.

After it is added, the package list has to be updated so that packages from the newly added repository can appear in this new package list. After adding a repository, there are some steps that you should take, like running the command below in your terminal.

sudo apt update

This will update the package information and include the packages from the PPA repository.

Adding a PPA repository lets you access the latest PHP packages for your Ubuntu system. Ondřej Surý maintains this repository, which also happens to be an acclaimed PHP developer, and thus, you would be assured of accessing the most recent PHP versions.

With this PPA repository added and the package list updated, we can install PHP 8 on your Ubuntu system.

3) Installing PHP 8

To install PHP 8, you must add the PPA repository to your Ubuntu system.

To install PHP 8, perform the following steps:

  • Press Ctrl+Alt+T or search for the terminal on your Ubuntu’s applications menu to open the terminal.

To install PHP 8, use this command on your terminal:

Sudo apt install php8.0

This will ensure that the necessary libraries and PHP 8 have been installed. At some point, you may be required to enter your administrative password to authorize installation.

The system will download and configure the PHP 8 packages, which will take some time before installation.

Afterward, you will have successfully installed PHP 8 onto your Ubuntu system.

You can also add other PHP extensions or modules as your project requires. To do this, use sudo apt install followed by the name of the extension desired.

4) Verify PHP Installation

After you have installed PHP 8 on your Ubuntu system, it is necessary to ensure that the installation was successful and that PHP works properly.

To verify the PHP installation, follow these steps:

  • Open your Ubuntu’s terminal

Type in this command to create a PHP info file:

“echo “<?php phpinfo(); ?>” | sudo tee /var/www/html/phpinfo.php”

This command will make a file called phpinfo.php in the directory of /var/www/html, which shows information about PHP.


Embracing this scripting language’s newer improvements and traits can be done by installing PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04. Following these suggestions, it is possible to ubuntu install php 8.0 with all its extensions recommended and link it with the famous web servers. For developers, PHP 8 caters to efficient web development activities while its full potential is explored.


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Written by

Shiv Technolabs

As the managing director of the Shiv Technolabs PVT LTD, Mr. Kishan Mehta has led the company with a strong background in technology and a deep understanding of market trends. He has been instrumental in thriving the success and becoming a global leader in the app development space.